In terms of caste representations too, the ministry looks skewed. The UPI, which e36 ls swap ac a real time fund transfer interface, has significantly scaled since its launch in August when 92, transactions worth Rs 3. This is the first time that Sonia Gandhi arrived to cast her vote without former Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Diskhit, who passed away last year in July. The website, which is UK's largest marriage site catering to the Indian community, has been accused of allowing discrimination against the Scheduled Caste community, and raised questions about whether its algorithms are consistent with the country's equality law.
Not listed as an agenda until Monday evening, the passing of the bill was swift with almost no discussion. A government official told ET that deliberations are on in the rural development ministry to rework 25 existing parameters under SECC, and a final decision will be taken by a high-level committee soon. Replying to a short duration debate in Rajya Sabha on the riots, he said over FIRs have been registered and more than 2, people arrested based on evidence.
A prolonged epidemic, they said, could slow down 5G rollouts and devices ecosystem development globally, including in India as Chinese vendors such as Huawei have been leading the charge on the 5G front. Such a scenario could potentially spoil the business case and returns prospects for struggling Indian telcos to bid aggressively in a 5G airwaves sale any time soon.
After a steady start, polling for Delhi assembly elections picked up the pace at about afternoon, as residents of Delhi including CM Arvind She was provided a special vehicle at her Chittaranjan Park residence to visit the polling booth where a wheelchair was arranged for her.Kahar- Chandravanshi Kshatriya Origin
All rights reserved. For reprint rights: Times Syndication Service. Have you read these stories? Parcel train is back from the dead. Can it outlive the lockdown?
Updated: Apr 12, Apple, Google to create contact tracing technology to fight coronavirus spread. Brand Solutions. TomorrowMakers Let's get smarter about money. ET NOW.Badgujar Kshatriya : Gothra — Vashishtha. Ved — Yajurved. Kuldevi — Kalika. From the vansha of Ramchandraji.
He later formed Jain Dharma. Gour, Goud Kshatriya: Gothra — Bhardwaj. Devi — Mahakali. Ishta — Hridradev. Branches — Amethiya Kshatriya. Total 5 branches. Existed from Raikwar Kshatriya: Gothra — Bhardwaj. King Suval, Shakuni belongs to this vansha.
Named Raikwar as they belongs to Raikgarh. This is a branch of Rathor.
Sikarwar Kshatriya: Shikharwal, Sakarwar are the same. Gothra — Bhardwaj. Kuldevi — Durga. Devata — Vishnu. This is a branch of Badgujar. Many kings belongs to this vansha. State — Shikarwar City.
Branches — Kadoliya, Saraswar etc. Dixit Kshatriya: Gothra — Kashyap. Ved — Samved. Devi — Durga Chandi. King Durgbhav belongs to this vansha. Samtat Vikramaditya has given them the title of Dixit as they belongs to Dikhitana. Being from the vansha of Raja Durgbhav the are called Durgvanshi. King Udaybhan, Banwarisingh, Gaibarshah also belongs to this vansha. Branches — Durgvanshi, Kinwar.
States — Nevnatangarh, Umri, Phulwariya. Dixit surname also comes under Bhumihar caste which is different. Gohil Kshatriya: Gothra — Kashyap.
Kuldevi — Banamata. Kuldev — Mahadev. Branches — Vajasniya.Download: Original file. Your email address will not be published. In the notification No. Hi Sir, Is there any time limit for caste no. Saini is belong to BC. If any restriction or any prohibtion is imposed in any notification of the Punjab Govt. OBC certificate format. Hello sir, My name is Mohd. Aarif Ansari. I am filling disappointed kindly help me because I Have to take admission in the college I will be very thank full to you Contact no MohaliPunjabCan we get the status of reserved category as the rajputs are shown in the list of B.
Hello sir! I am belonging to Bihar. My caste is Awadh bania. My title name is Mahto. I want to create my caste certificate in Punjab. But Awadh bania caste not add in BC list in Punjab. I want to add This caste in BC in Punjab. I am sure this caste is add in BC in bihar. My name is mahiuddin Muslim cast seikh obc in panjab no sho obc seikh list my rekwest is my cast is seikh in progress in my rekwest in panjab goverment my cast obc seikh in.
I belong to barber by caste thakur but my family name is end with thakur. I am from Ramghariya Community but I have no documentary proof which is required to apply for OBC certificate what to do now.
Which certificate will be sufficient. Sir I want to know my friend belong to suniar caste under which category come and what benefits are given pls tell. Sir i want to know about till now not sc certificate of mine as do not know that come our SC category and in every certificate category written in 10,12 and degree or other form like national scholarship for minority Sikh Till.
Can we apply for Sc certificate now and record of our category updated to help in economic upliftment Pls Reply. Sir, is Saini cast still an OBC. Because SL. Also my sister from Distt.Vijayanagara : Origin. Musicological nonet. Medieval city. Battle of Raichur. Battle of Talikota. Dialects: Kundagannada. Jainism : In Karnataka. In North Karnataka. Jain Bunt. Vokkaliga is a farming community with 54 sub-divisions belonging to Karnataka.
Vokkaliga is a Kannada -language word found in some of the earliest available literary works of the language, such as the KavirajamargaPampa Bharataand Mangaraja's Nighantu. It has been used as an appellation for the cultivator community since time immemorial.
The Vokkaliga community has several sub-groups within its fold. The Gangadikara Gowdas, also known as the Gangatkar, claim to be descendants of the erstwhile Ganga royalty. It is however, a fact that the administrative setup of Gangas vested power, at various levels of administration and apart from administrative duties the Gauda was expected to raise militia when called for. In fact, the word Kongu is the Tamil equivalent for Ganga. Narsipur of southern Karnataka. The Gangadikara Vokkaligas have as many as 40 exogamous clans called Bedagu.
The ancestors of Kempe Gowda I of the Yelahanka Nadaprabhus the founder of Bangalore city and himself a Morasu Vokkaliga are recorded to have migrated to these districts from Alur of Kanchi around the 15th century under Rana Bhaire Gowda, who built the fort at Devanahalli.
The four main sub-divisions being the Musuku, Hosadevru BeraluPalyadasime and Morasu proper which is again divided into three lines called Salu viz. Kanu saluNerlegattada saluKutera salu. The Musuku sect is so-called because the bride wears a veil or 'Musuku' during the wedding ceremony.
The Namadhari Vokkaliga group is the first largest Vokkaliga sub-group. Halakki Vokkaligas are an indigenous tribe in of Uttar Kannada district. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Emblem of Karnataka. Kadamba dynasty. Chalukya dynasty. Rashtrakuta dynasty. Hoysala Empire.
Western Ganga dynasty Vijayanagara : Origin. Battle of Talikota Sultanate : Ahmadnagar.Kurmis, as also the Kunbis Kshatriyas are relatively prosperous and educated but due to their being mostly agrarians, they were classified as backward castes.
Etymologically, the words, KudumiKunbi and Khanbi are generally considered a derivative of the word Kurmi. The Mohanta are belong to Kurmi Kshatriya kudmi caste of Hinduism. Kurmis are descended from various Kshatriya clans, they divide themselves into: 1.
Suryavanshi Kurmis Solar dynasty —. Chandravanshi Kurmis Lunar dynasty —. If you have any other information about this plz comment in the comment box. All sugestion will be appreciated. Chandravanshi Kurmis — claiming descent from the same clan as those related to Shri Krishna and the warriors mentioned in the Mahabharat. The Kurmi Kshyatriya Be Proud to be one of us. Skip to content. Home About. Traditional Occupation : Land owning agrarian but a significant percentage of them were warriors.
Population : 1. Marriage Preference : Prefer marriage within their community.
Etymology : Etymologically, the words, KudumiKunbi and Khanbi are generally considered a derivative of the word Kurmi. Division amongst Kurmis : Kurmis are descended from various Kshatriya clans, they divide themselves into: 1. Chandravanshi Kurmis Lunar dynasty — descent from the same clan as those related to Shri Krishna and the warriors mentioned in the Mahabharat.
Some of the Sub Divisions of Kurmi Kshatriya are listed bellow. Search for:.Kurmi is a Hindu cultivator caste of the eastern Gangetic plain in northern India. There are several lateth century theories of the etymology of Kurmi. According to Jogendra Nath Bhattacharyathe word may be derived from an Indian tribal language, or be a Sanskrit compound term krishi karmi"agriculturalist.
Records from the time indicate that within western Biharthe Kurmis had cultivated an alliance with the ruling Ujjainiya Rajputs. Many leaders of the Kurmi community fought side by side with the Ujjainiya king, Kunwar Dhir when he rebelled against the Mughals in With the continued waning of Mughal rule in the early 18th century, the Indian subcontinent 's hinterland dwellers, many of whom were armed and nomadic, began to appear more frequently in settled areas and interact with townspeople and agriculturists.
During much of this time, non-elite tillers and pastoralists, such as the Kurmi, were part of a social spectrum that blended only indistinctly into the elite landowning classes at one end, and the menial or ritually polluting classes at the other. The Kurmi were famed as market gardeners.
Whereas the majority of cultivators manured only the lands immediately around the village and used these lands for growing food grains, Kurmis avoided using animal dung for fuel and manured the poorer lands farther from the village the manjha.
They were able, therefore, to grow valuable market crops such as potatoes, melons and tobacco immediately around the village, sow fine grains in the manjhaand restrict the poor millet subsistence crops to the periphery.
A network of ganjs fixed rural markets and Kurmi or Kacchi settlements could transform a local economy within a year or two.
Cross-cultural influences were felt also. Rajputs of Awadh, who along with brahmans constituted the main beneficiaries of what historian Richard Barnett characterizes as "Asaf's permissive program of social mobility," were not willing to let that mobility reach beyond certain arbitrary socio-cultural boundaries.
The divergent claims to status in the nineteenth century and earlier illustrate the point that for non-Muslims, while varna was generally accepted as the basis for identity, on the whole little agreement prevailed with respect to the place of the individual and the jati within a varna hierarchy.
Although the free peasant farm was the mainstay of farming in many parts of north India in the 18th century, in some regions, a combination of climatic, political, and demographic factors led to the increased dependence of peasant cultivators such as the Kurmi. In the first half of the nineteenth century, economic pressures on the large landowning classes increased noticeably.
In some instances these were attempts to stave off decline by reinvigorating or intensifying existing forms of customary service.
Elsewhere these were wholly novel demands, many being imposed on 'clean' tillers and cattle-keepers like the Ram- and Krishna-loving Koeris, Kurmis and Ahirs In either case, these calls were buttressed with appeals to Sanskritic varna theory and Brahmanical caste convention.
The elite landowning classes, such as Rajputs and Bhumiharsnow sought to present themselves as flagbearers of the ancient Hindu tradition. The map of the prevailing "races" of India now discredited based on the Census of British India. Another ethnographic print from showing a Kurmi family employing its beasts of burden to thresh wheat.
The second half of the nineteenth century also largely overlapped with the coming of age of ethnology—interpreted then as the science of race—in the study of societies the world over.
Those like Sir William Hunteras well as the key figures of H. Their great rivals were the material or occupational theorists led by the ethnographer and folklorist William Crooke —author of one of the most widely read provincial Castes and Tribes surveys, and such other influential scholar-officials as Denzil Ibbetson and E. Seeing caste as a fundamental force in Indian life, Risley, especially, influenced official views as expressed in both the Censuses of British India and the Imperial Gazetteer brought out by Hunter.The Kurmi are a large peasant community of farmers widely distributed in the states of Uttar Pradesh more than 5 millionBihar, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Assam.
Kurmi Kshatriya Patel Samaj
Successive waves of land reform legislation all over India since the s abolished the landlord system which enabled the cultivating caste of Kurmi, who were tenant farmers, into a landowning caste. Among the Kurmi there are also businessmen, government servants at various levels, engineers, doctors and defense personnel. In Delhi they are mainly engaged as industrial workers, daily-wage laborers or are self-employed, running shops or dairies. Some authors attempt to trace the divine origin of the Kurmi from the tortoise kurm — believed to be an incarnation of Vishnu.
These authors further relate the Kurmi to the gods Rama and Indra, the established symbols of the Kshatriya second level in caste hierarchy and thereby attempt to claim a higher caste origin. They are believed to be the direct descendants of the earliest Aryan tribes. The Kurmi genealogists and historians maintain that the Kurmi are divided into more than sub-castes.
The more rational view is that the Kurmi have eleven main divisions and these are endogamous, i.
Some Kurmi are distinguished by the regions from which they hail. This provides them many benefits such as quotas in government jobs and development schemes, reserved seats in medical and engineering colleges, all of which are intended to assist them in improving their lives.
The Kurmi are farmers except in Punjab where they are a landless community who mainly work as gardeners for private and government institutions. Some are sharecroppers, rear buffalo such as those in Bihar, while a few poorer Kurmi work as farm laborers. These days they can be found in all professions including politics, films, medicine, law, administrative services, and business as well as the traditional occupation of agriculture.
In Delhi they are employed as industrial workers, daily-wage labourers or are self-employed and own shops or dairies. These are a progressive community who make good use of the benefits provided by the government. The Kurmi of Bihar in particular have improved their circumstances and are doing well in better paying jobs, as professionals and in government bureaucracy and are now part of the middle class.
They have taken advantage of loans to purchase time saving implements and changed the way they farm, using new technology for improved efficiency.
They still use indigenous medicine as well as visiting clinics. Family planning is becoming more acceptable as well as formal education for their children. Children of the poor Kurmi are less fortunate. The staple food consists of meat, wheat, rice and pulses. They eat seasonal vegetables, fruit, milk and dairy products. Alcoholic drinks are socially prohibited; nevertheless some of them are addicted to alcohol.
Marriages are usually governed by the rule of sub-group endogamy and clan exogamy. The trend is changing, extending marital restrictions by considering the entire Kurmi community as an endogamous group. Marriages are arranged by elders of the families. Child marriages are still quite common in some rural areas of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Adult marriages are becoming increasingly preferred.
The Kurmi believe in monogamy. A dowry is paid in cash and kind. Glass bangles, sindur vermilion mark and a nose-ring are the strictly observed symbols of marriage. Divorce is socially permitted and may be sought on grounds of adultery, impotence and maladjustment with compensation given to the aggrieved party.
Community custom allows for remarriage of widows and widowers. Nuclear families exist in urban areas, while extended families are still common in the rural areas. When the family property is divided all the sons receive an equal share and the eldest son succeeds as head of the family.
Although women contribute in the agriculture sphere and perform all the household chores as well, they have a lower status than the men and are dependent on them.
List of Other Backward Classes in West Bengal
The Kurmi have a rich oral tradition of folklore and folktales passed down over the generations. Women sing folk songs on auspicious occasions like marriage and childbirth.
The musical accompaniments are usually the dholak, a cylindrical or slightly barrel-shaped double-headed drum, and the manjira, a pair of small cymbals.